Automated method of calculation of parameters for non-traditional heating technologies and conditioning of buildings
Keywords:Automated methodology, heat pump, heating, hot water supply, air conditioning, fuel economy
Purpose. Develop an automated method for calculating parameters for heat pump systems for heating, air conditioning and hot water supply, designed for use in domestic conditions with non-standard heat transfer flows.
Methodology. Mathematical modeling of thermodynamic processes occurring in heating, air conditioning and hot water supply systems.
Findings. The automated method of calculating the parameters of non-traditional technology, which uses standard heat pump equipment of the water heating system for the cooling mode of the air in the warm period of the year, and the discharge of heat dissipated into the ground, was substantiated and developed; and for the needs of hot water supply heat pump air-liquid, acting as a high-speed water heater.
The estimation of technologies of the thermal energy utilization in buildings developed earlier by authors is executed. The first technology involved the use of a heat pump and heat accumulator scheme in the cold season, and halved the consumption of conventional fuel compared to a gas column for hot water at the same facility. The second technology involved heat recovery with the help of a heat accumulator in a complex system of air conditioning and hot water supply in the warm period, which saves from 74 to 82% of conventional fuel compared to the scheme with boiler and air conditioner without heat accumulator.
Critical conclusions were drawn about the need to use additional dimensional equipment for these technologies and the excess amount of hot water received. Possibilities of realization of such scheme were analyzed. Analytically substantiated recommendations on the design (ribbing of heat exchange surfaces) of heating devices and parameters of their operating modes in the cold and warm periods of the year were given. The condition of invariance of heat exchange areas of heating devices and basic water consumption in the heating system was fulfilled. The need to regulate the air conditioning regime by changing the water flow in the system to maintain a constant indoor air temperature with fluctuations in outdoor air temperature was substantiated.
Originality. For the first time, attention is paid to the study of non-traditional methods of using heat pump heating for heating, air conditioning and hot water supply of residential premises. The automated method for determining rational parameters for these technologies was developed.
Practical value. The automated method of forming the control dependence of the mass flow of water in the system on the outside air temperature on the condition of constancy of the set comfortable indoor air temperature was developed. The use of air-liquid heat pump for hot water supply in the warm period was analyzed, a high energy conversion factor was noted (14 ... 22). The savings of conventional fuel from the application of the considered technology from 13% to 18% in comparison with the technology using a heat accumulator were substantiated.
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