Methodology for selecting the rated parameters of power transformers in the town’s electrical distribution networks in settlements
Keywords:reactive power compensation, loading capacity of the transformer, electrical distribution grids
Purpose. To substantiate a technique of a choice of nominal power of power transformers for increase of their use efficiency in distributive electric networks of the cities
Methods. Analytical processing of statistical data.
Findings. The paper solves the problem of efficient use of the installed power of transformers, their rational choice in the design of urban electrical networks. It was found that the choice of transformers according to classical methods causes a significant error and an overestimation of the rated power at the design stage. The method of reducing this error was developed for selecting the power of transformers of urban electrical networks. This method takes into account the predicted indicators of the operating modes of the equipment, the type of consumers, the load capacity of the equipment, the parameters of the operating mode and the environment, constant heating time of existing types of transformers that can be accepted for installation, the appropriate level of reactive load compensation.
Originality The scientific novelty lies in the development of the method for selecting the rated power of power transformers 6 (20) /0.4 kV urban distribution networks by comprehensive consideration of the parameters of typical consumers and their actual structure, which will effectively use transformer equipment for load capacity during the regulated period of their operation.
Practical value. The obtained results show the increase in the efficiency of capital and operating costs by selecting a rational rated power of distribution transformers 6 (20) / 0.4 kV with ensuring the effective use of their load capacity in the conditions of electric grids of cities.
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Copyright (c) 2021 Yu.A. Papaika, I.M. Lutsenko, IE.V Koshelenko, P.S. Tsyhan
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