DOI: https://doi.org/10.15588/1607-6761-2018-4-5

ANALYSIS OF THE SHOP NETWORKS BASBURS PARAMETERS AT HIGHER HARMONIC CURRENT ACTIONS

Yu.S. Bezverkhnia, M.I. Kotsur, D.S. Yarymbash, I.M. Kotsur, S.T. Yarymbash, I.M. Kylymnyk

Abstract


Purpose. Research and analysis trolley busbar’s parameters in condition of higher current harmonic actions, with taking into account the structural features of nonlinearity of magnetic and electrical properties of materials, proximity effects, surface and external surface effects.

Methodology. The researches were carried out using the electromagnetic field theory methods, the electrical circuit theory, mathematical physics, finite elements, interpolation, approximation and regression analysis.

Findings. The voltage drop in the phases of busbar’s trolls from the action of higher current harmonics is researched. It has been evidenced that with permissible values of higher harmonics established by the standard for different short-circuit ratio Rsce, the magnitude of the voltage drop can increase by 3.5 times, and using the steel casing - by 4 times. At the same time, the increment of the magnetic field energy and active losses in the busbar is 20% relative to their values for the main current harmonic, excluding shielding, and up to 23%, including shielding of busbar’s trolleys. The action of higher harmonics at permissible own amplitudes at corresponding values of the short-circuit ratio Rsce also causes an increase in active resistance by 4 times, inductive - by 20 times. Due the features of the placement of the busbar in the workshop, production and technological processes, the shielding of the busbar’s trolleys is required. Therefore, in such cases, to compensate for the asymmetry of the voltage drop in the trolleys and active losses in the busbars, the current load of the busbar’s trolls should be reduced by 5-20% depending on the value of the short circuit coefficient of the shop network.

Originality. The mathematical model of electromagnetic processes in the copper busbar’s trolley, which contain design features, nonlinearity of magnetic and electrophysical properties of materials, proximity effects, surface and external surface effects, the effect of current harmonic components on voltage drop and power loss in the power transmission are proposed. It allows with high accuracy and numerical efficiency, to determine the busbar’s trolley parameters for the corresponding values of the amplitudes and frequencies of the current hight harmonics. For the first time, the relationship between the voltage drop and specific active losses from the spectrum of frequencies and amplitudes of current harmonics and the values of the short-circuit coefficient is executed, which allows to determine the degree and character of the effect on the asymmetry of the voltage drop and the parameters of the busbar’s trolley.

Practical value. It has been evidenced that with permissible values of higher harmonics established by the standard for different short-circuit ratio Rsce, the magnitude of the voltage drop can increase by 3.5 times, and using the steel casing - by 4 times. At the same time, the increment of the magnetic field energy and active losses in the busbar is 20% relative to their values for the main current harmonic, excluding shielding, and up to 23%, including shielding of busbar’s trolleys. The action of higher harmonics at permissible own amplitudes at corresponding values of the short-circuit ratio Rsce also causes an increase in active resistance by 4 times, inductive - by 20 times. The results of the work can be used in the design or modernization of existing shop power supply systems, as well as to determine the parameters, as well as to estimate the voltage drop in the other busbar’s design.


Keywords


busbar; electromagnetic field; model; method; harmonics; short-circuit ratio

References


[1] Zare F., Ledwich G. F.(2002). Reduced layer planar busbar for voltage source inverters. IEEE Trans. Power Electron., 17, 4, 508–516.

[2] Kotsur, M., Yarymbash, D, Kotsur, I., Bezverkhnia Yu. (2018). Speed Synchronization Methods of the Energy-Efficient Electric Drive System for Induction Motors. IEEE: 14-th International Conference on Advanced Trends in Radioelectronics, Telecommunications and Computer Engineering (TCSET 2018), Lviv-Slavske, Ukraine, 304-307. DOI:10.1109/TCSET.2018.8336208

[3] Gaoyu, Z., Zhengming, Z., Liqiang, Y. (2013). Study on DC busbar structure considering stray inductance for the back-to-back IGBT-based converter. IEEE:Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition (APEC), Long Beach, CA, USA, 1213- 1218. DOI: 10.1109/APEC.2013.6520453

[4] IEC (61000-3-12: 2004) Sovmestimost´ tekhnichtskikh sredstv elektromagnitnaya. Ogranichenie garmonicheskikh sostsvlyaiushikh toka, sozdavaemykh tekhnicheskimi sredstvami potreblyaemymy tokom bolee 16A, no ne bolee 75A (v odnoy faze), podkluchaemykh k nizkovol´tnym sistemam electrosnabzheniya obshshego naznacheniya. Normy i metody ispytaniy. (Electromagnetic compatibility of technical means. Limit of harmonic current components created by technical means with a current consumption of more than 16 A, but not more than 75 A (in one phase), connected to low-voltage general-purpose power systems. Norms and methods of testing).

[5] IEEE Recommended Practices and Requirements for Harmonic Control in Electrical Power Systems IEEE standard. London, 1992, 519-1992.

[6] Bedkowski, M., Smolka, J., Banasiak, K., Bulinski, Z., Nowak, A. J., Tomanek, T., Wajda, A. (2014). Coupled numerical modelling of power loss generation in busbar system of low-voltage switchgear. Int. J. Thermal Sci., 82, 122–129.

[7] Mahmoodzadeh, Z., Ghanbari, N., MehriziSani, A., Ehsan, M. (2015). Energy loss estimation in distribution networks using stochastic simulation. Power & Energy Society General Meeting, Denver, Colorado, 1–5.

[8] Podol'tsev, A.D., Kontorovich, L.N. (2011). Chislennoe modelirovanie elektricheskikh tokov, magnitnogo polya I electrodinamicheskikh sil v silovom transformatore pri avariynom rezhyme s ispol´ MATLAB / SIMULINK i COMSOL (Numerical Simulation оf Electric Currents, Magnetic Field and Electrodynamic Forces in Power Transformer at Emergency Operation Using MATLAB/SIMULINK AND COMSOL). Technical Electrodynamics, 6, 3-10.

[9] Plesca, A. (2012). Busbar heating during transient conditions. Electric Power Syst. Res., 89, 31–37. DOI: 10.1109/T-AIEE.1915.4765211

[10] Rosskopf, A., Bar, E., Joffe, C. (2014). Influence of linner skin- and proximity effects on conduction in litz wires. IEEE Trans. Power Electron., 29, 10, 5454–5461. DOI: 10.1109/TPEL.2013.2293847

[11] Chen, C., Pei, X., Chen, Y., Kang, Y. (2013). Investigation, evaluation, and optimization of stray inductance in laminated busbar. IEEE Trans. Power Electron., 29, 7, 3679–3693. DOI: 10.1109/TPEL.2013.2282621

[12] Popa, I., Dolan, A.I. (2013). Numerical modeling of DC busbar contacts. IEEE: 13th International Conference on Optimization of Electrical and Electronic Equipment (OPTIM 2012), 188 – 193. DOI: 10.1109/OPTIM.2012.6231869

[13] Gaoyu, Z., Zhengming, Z., Liqiang, Y. (2013). Study on DC busbar structure considering stray inductance for the back-to-back IGBT-based converter. IEEE:Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition (APEC), Long Beach, CA, USA, 1213- 1218. DOI: 10.1109/APEC.2013.6520453

[14] Popa, I. C., Dolan, A-I., Ghindeanu, D., Boltasu, C. (2014). Thermal modeling and experimental validation of an encapsulated busbars system. IEEE: 2014 18th International Symposium on Electrical Apparatus and Technologies (SIELA), Bourgas, Bulgaria, 1–4. DOI: 10.1109/SIELA.2014.6871884

[15] Sung, W. P., Hyunsu Ch. (2014). A practical study on electrical contact resistance and temperature rise at the connections of the copper busbars in switchgears. IEEE: Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition (APEC 2013), New Orleans, LA, USA, 1213- 1218. DOI: 10.1109/HOLM.2014.7031066

[16] Fedorov, A.A. (1987). Reference book power engineering of industrial enterprises Т. 1. Power supply. Under the general ed. Fedorov A.A. M.: Gosenergoizdat, 840.

[17] Divchuk, T., Yarymbash, D., Yarymbash, S., Kylymnyk, I., Kotsur, M., Bezverkhnia, Y. (2018). Ytochyuyuchyy pidhid do vyznachenya funkcional´nykh zalezhnostey vidnosnykh magnitnykh pronyknostey anizotropnykh kholodnokatannykh staley (An adjusting approach to the determination of the permeability functional dependencies of anisotropic cold-rolled electrotechnical steels). Electrical Engineering And Power Engineering, 2, 6-15. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.15588/1607-6761-2018-2-1

[18] Divchuk, T., Yarymbash, D., Yarymbash, S., Kylymnyk,I., Kotsur, M., Bezverkhnia, Y. (2018).Podkhod k opredeleniyu tokov kholostogo khoda silovykh trekhfaznykh transformatorov s ploskimisterzh-nevymi magnitnymi sistemami [Approach todetermination of no load current of three-phase power transformers with plane rods magnetic systems]. Electrical Engineering And Power Engineering, 2, 56-66. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.15588/1607-6761-2017-2-6

[19] Yarymbash, D., Kotsur, M., Bezverkhnia, Yu., Kotsur I., Yarymbash, S. (2018). Increasing efficiency of parameters determination of the trolley busbars by electromagnetic Field Simulation. IEEE: 2018 IEEE 3rd International Conference on Intelligent Energy and Power Systems (IEPS), 308-313. DOI: 10.1109/TCSET.2018.8336209

[20] Wu, X. W. (2014). Contact temperature prediction in three-phase gas-insulated bus bars with the finite-element method. IEEE Trans. Magn. 50, 2, 277–280.

[21] Izmaylov, S. V. (1962). Kurs Elektrodinamiki. M.: Gos. Uchebn-pedagog. izdatelstvo ministerstva prosveshcheniya, 440.


GOST Style Citations


[1]  Zare , F. Reduced layer planar busbar for voltage source inverters [Text] / F. Zare, G. F. Ledwich // IEEE Trans. Power Electron. – 2002. – Vol. 17. – №. 4. – pp. 508–516.

[2]  Kotsur, M. Speed Synchronization Methods of the Energy-Efficient Electric Drive System for Induction Motors [Text] / M. Kotsur, D. Yarymbash, I. Kotsur, Yu. Bezverkhnia // IEEE: 14-th International Conference on Advanced Trends in Radioelectronics, Telecommunications and Computer Engineering (TCSET 2018): Intern. Scient. and Tech. Conf., 20-23 February 2018: report theses. - Lviv-Slavske, Ukraine. - pp. 304-307. DOI:10.1109/TCSET.2018.8336208

[3]  Gaoyu, Z. Study on DC busbar structure considering stray inductance for the back-to-back IGBT-based converter [Text] / Z. Gaoyu, Z. Zhengming, Y. Liqiang // IEEE:Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition (APEC) ): Intern. Scient. and Tech. Conf., 15-17 July 2013: report theses. Long Beach, CA, USA. - pp. 1213- 1218. DOI:10.1109/APEC.2013.6520453

[4]  МЭК (61000-3-12:2004) Совместимость технических средств электромагнитная. Ограничение гармонических составляющих тока, создаваемых техническими средствами с потребляемым током более 16 А, но не более 75 А (в одной фазе), подключаемыми к низковольтным системам электроснабжения общего назначения. Нормы и методы испытаний.

[5]  IEEE Recommended Practices and Requirements for Harmonic Control in Electrical Power Systems [Text] / IEEE standard 519-1992, London. - 1992.

[6]  Bedkowski, M. Coupled numerical modelling of power loss generation in busbar system of low-voltage switchgear [Text] / M. Bedkowski, J. Smolka, K. Banasiak, Z. Bulinski, A. J. Nowak, T. Tomanek, A. Wajda // Int. J. Thermal Sci. – 2014. –vol. 82. – pp. 122–129.

[7]  Mahmoodzadeh, Z. Energy loss estimation in distribution networks using stochastic simulation [Text] / Z. Mahmoodzadeh, N. Ghanbari, A. MehriziSani, M. Ehsan // Power & Energy Society General Meeting. – Denver, Colorado. – 2015. – pp. 1–5.

[8]  Подольцев, A.Д. Численное моделирование электрических токов, магнитного поля и электродинамических сил в силовом трансформаторе при аварийном режиме с использованием MATLAB / SIMULINK и COMSOL [Текст] / A.Д. Подольцев, Л.Н. Конторович // Техническая электродинамика. – 2011. – №. 6. – С. 3-10.

[9]  Plesca, A. Busbar heating during transient conditions [Text] / A. Plesca // Electric Power Syst. Res. – 2012. – № 89. – pp. 31–37. DOI: 10.1109/T-AIEE.1915.4765211

[10] Rosskopf, A. Influence of inner skin- and proximity effects on conduction in litz wires [Text] / A. Rosskopf, E. Bar, C. Joffe // IEEE Trans. Power Electron. – 2014. – № 29(10). – pp. 5454–5461, DOI: 10.1109/TPEL.2013.2293847

[11] Chen, C. Investigation, evaluation, and optimization of stray inductance in laminated busbar [Text] / C. Chen, X. Pei, Y. Chen, Y. Kang // IEEE Trans. Power Electron. – 2013. – №29(7). – pp. 3679–3693. DOI: 10.1109/TPEL.2013.2282621

[12] Popa, I. Numerical modeling of DC busbar contacts [Text] / I. Popa, A.I. Dolan // IEEE: 13th International Conference on Optimization of Electrical and Electronic Equipment (OPTIM 2012) Intern. Scient. and Tech. Conf., 15-17 September 2012: report theses. Long Beach, CA, USA. - pp. 188- 193DOI: 10.1109/OPTIM.2012.6231869

[13] Gaoyu, Z. 2013. Study on DC busbar structure considering stray inductance for the back-to-back IGBT-based converter [Text] / Z. Gaoyu, Z. Zhengming, Y. Liqiang // IEEE: Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition (APEC) ): Intern. Scient. and Tech. Conf., 15-17 July 2013: report theses. - Long Beach, CA, USA, 2013 - pp. 1213- 1218. –DOI: 10.1109/APEC.2013.6520453

[14] Popa, I. C. Thermal modeling and experimental validation of an encapsulated busbars system [Text] / I. C. Popa, A.I. Dolan, D. Ghindeanu, C. Boltasu, IEEE: 2014 18th International Symposium on Electrical Apparatus and Technologies (SIELA) ): Intern. Scient. and Tech. Conf., 15-17 August 2014: report theses. Bourgas, Bulgaria, 2014. - pp.1–4. DOI: 10.1109/SIELA.2014.6871884

[15] Sung, W. P. A practical study on electrical contact resistance and temperature rise at the connections of the copper busbars in switchgears [Text] / W. P. Sung, Ch. Hyunsu // IEEE: Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition (APEC 2014): Intern. Scient. and Tech. Conf., 13-15 July 2014: report theses. Long Beach, CA, USA, 2014. - pp. 1213- 1218. DOI: 10.1109/HOLM.2014.7031066

[16] Федоров А.А. Справочник энергетика промышленных предприятий Т. 1. Электроснабжение. [Текст] / Под общей ред. Федорова А. А. - М.-Л.: Госэнергоиздат, 1987. - 840 С.

[17] Дівчук, T.Е. Уточнюючий підхід до визначення функціональних залежностей відносних магнітних проникностей анізотропних холоднокатаних електротехнічних сталей / T.E. Дівчук, Д.С. Яримбаш, С.T. Яримбаш, I.M. Килимник, M.I. Коцур, Ю.С. Безверхня // Електротехніка та електроенергетика. – 2018. – № 2. - С. 6-15. – Режим доступу: DOI : 10.15588/1607-6761-2018-2-1.

[18] Дівчук, T. Е. Підхід до визначення струмів неробочого ходу силових трифазних трансформаторів з плоским стрижневими магнітними системами [Текст]/ T.Е. Дівчук, Д.С. Яримбаш, С. Т. Яримбаш, I.М. Kилимник, M.І. Коцур, Ю.С. Безверхня // Електротехніка та електроенергетика. – 2017. – № 2. - С. 56-66. – Режим доступу : DOI : 10.15588/1607-6761-2017-2-6.

[19] Yarymbash, D. Increasing efficiency of parameters determination of the trolley busbars by electromagnetic Field Simulation [Text] / D. Yarymbash, M. Kotsur, Yu. Bezverkhnia, I. Kotsur // IEEE: 2018 IEEE 3rd International Conference on Intelligent Energy and Power Systems (IEPS), September 10-14, Kharkiv, Ukraine, 2018, pp. 308-313. DOI: 10.1109/TCSET.2018.8336209

[20] Wu, X. W. Contact temperature prediction in three-phase gas-insulated bus bars with the finite-element method [Text] / X. W. Wu, N. Q. Shu, H. T. Li, L. Li // IEEE Trans. Magn. - 2014. - Vol. 50. - №. 2. - pp. 277–280.

[21] Измайлов, С. В. Курс Электродинамики [Текст]: для физико-математических факультетов педагогических вузов / С. В. Измайлов. – М: Гос. Учебн-педагог. Изд-во мин. просвещ. РСФСР, 1962. – 440с.



Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


Copyright (c) 2019 Yu.S. Bezverkhnia, M.I. Kotsur, D.S. Yarymbash, I.M. Kotsur, S.T. Yarymbash

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Address of the journal editorial office:

Editorial office of the the science journal "Electrical Engineering and Power Engineering" ("Electrotechnics and Electroenergetics")

Zaporozhye National Technical University, 

 Zhukovskiy street, 64, Zaporizhzhya, 69063, Ukraine. 

Telephone: +38-061-769-82-96 – the Editing and Publishing Department.

E-mail: rvv@zntu.edu.ua


Reference to the journal is obligatory in the cases of complete or partial use of its materials.